IBM battery technology and other discoveries which would outperform the Li-ion in the
IBM battery technology: Everyone is talking about the electric vehicle, but many of us are not completely aware about how friendly it is? It’s still a question mark because it depends on different scenarios- like
- The acquisition of raw materials for the Li-ion cell
- Battery cell manufacturing
- Complete battery pack manufacturing
- Final car manufacturing
- End of life or recycling of battery pack
IBM new battery technology
IBM research team has used three new and different proprietary materials, which have never before been recorded as being combined
IBM battery technology outperfoms Lithium-ion battery
The new battery technology is more sustainable and outperforms at many other aspects like flammability, cost and charging time. IBM claims that as per the current test results the battery can be charged
- Lower cost: The active cathode materials tend to cost less because they are free of cobalt, nickel, and other heavy metals. These materials are typically very resource-intensive to the source, and also have raised concerns over their sustainability.
- Faster charging: Less than five minutes required to reach an 80 percent state of charge (SOC), without compromising specific discharge capacity.
- High power density: More than 10,000 W/L
.(Exceeding the power level that lithium-ion battery technology can achieve). Higher energy density: More than 800 Wh/L, comparableto the state-of-art lithium-ion battery.
- Excellent energy efficiency: More than 90 percent (calculated from the ratio of the energy to discharge the battery over the energy to charge the battery).
- Low flammability of electrolytes
Reality of the Lithium-ion battery
Lithium-ion batteries are the one which powering high percentage of EVs inn the world. Other battery chemistry like Solid State battery chemistry is still in nascent stage. The problem which the lithium-ion battery is that, it still includes the earth’s heavy metals like- nickel and cobalt. The use of these heavy metals pose tremendous environmental and
A battery is made up of an anode, cathode, separator, electrolyte, and two current collectors (positive and negative). Lithium is the main element for any electric vehicle battery these days. The main source of lithium is in Chile, Australia, Argentina and China. While the Central Africa and Asia are the main source area for the other heavy metals like cobalt and nickel. Talking about the life of any
How does the Li-ion battery works?
The lithium ion batteries are the power source for modern electric vehicles. A small battery cells or
The anode or negative electrode is located on the other side. Its made of graphite which is a natural form of carbon with a layered structure. The battery is filled with the transport medium, the electrolyte. So that the lithium ions carrying the battery charge can flow freely. This electrolyte must be extremely pure and as free of water as possible in order to ensure efficient charging and discharging of the battery.
Metal oxides used in Li-ion battery
Lithium: lithium is so popular for cathodes because lithium is an alkali metal and it has one valence electron. So, it means it is likely to give a one electron which is very important for the production of electricity. Lithium is the 25th most abundant element on earth. However, it only makes up 0.0007% of the earth’s crust. The most lithium extraction actually happens in the liquid brine
Nickel: Next is the nickel, which has an abundance of 0.009% in the earth’s crust. Nickel is one of the most important earth-metal and main constituent for any electric vehicle battery. Tesla as well other manufacturers the nickel at a high percentage in their batteries.
Cobalt: The 0.003% of the earth now this is where things get interesting because cobalt is the most critical element in their battery supply chain. Cobalt is the most expensive. This is due to the scarcity but also due to the fact that over 60% of the worldwide production comes from the democratic republic of Congo. In this region the political turmoil, child labor concerns and violence make cobalt the most critical element in the supply.
Manganese: It is available in 11% of the earth’s crust making it the 12th most abundant element.
Other than the above listed, aluminium is also very important metal for any battery. But still these all the not
Future plan of IBM (IBM battery technology)
Everyone is racing with the new battery concept, but what everyone is looking for the investment and a reliable automobile
For last few years different universities and companies are aggressively investigating for the new battery technology. This opens up the scope for and requirements for the new battery chemistry. We still cannot rely fully on lithium-ion or solid state battery technology. 2019 was the year when different companies and institutes was working on new battery technologies-
Other battery innovations:
- Monash University (Australia): Researchers are working on lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery technology and claiming to provide 1000 kms in single charge.
- University of Illinois at Chicago’s lithium-carbon dioxide battery: This battery technology is still in testing phase but at this stage also it is capable to have more than 500 charging cycles. MIT’s Carbon Dioxide Battery.
- MIT’s Carbon Dioxide Battery: During charging it absorbs the carbon dioxide from the air passing over its electrodes and then it releases that gas during the discharge.
- University of Adelaide’s (Australia) non-toxic zinc and manganese: It beats the cost. The cost of this new battery will be less than $10 per kWh compared $300 per kWh for many current lithium batteries.
free-standingelectrode EVs battery: Company has taken care of the environment during the design of new battery technology. It doesn’t use nickel, cobalt and other dangerous metals while asserting it provided double the energy density and just 40% of the weight.
- Iron-ion battery technology (IIT Madras, India): Iron has a smaller ionic radius and favorable potential. Since these benefits are overlooked, the potential use of iron in rechargeable metal ion battery has not been realized yet. The research team has overcome this challenge by inventing a suitable electrolyte for the operation of the battery.
So, the future is going to be very competitive, but what IBM has plus point that it has the partnership with Mercedes-Benz Research and Development North America, Central Glass, one of the top battery electrolyte suppliers in the world, and Sidus, a battery manufacturer.